Eur J Endocrinol. 2004 Aug;151(2):193-7.
A promoter polymorphism of the CYP27B1 gene is associated with Addison's disease, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Graves' disease and type 1 diabetes mellitus in Germans. 2004
Lopez ER, Zwermann O, Segni M, Meyer G, Reincke M, Seissler J, Herwig J, Usadel KH, Badenhoop K.
Department of Internal Medicine I, Division of Endocrinology, University Hospital Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
CYP27B1 hydroxylase catalyzes the conversion of 25 hydroxyvitamin D(3) (25OHD(3)) to 1,25(OH)(2)D(3), the most active natural vitamin D metabolite, which plays a role in the regulation of immunity and cell proliferation. We therefore investigated two single nucleotide polymorphisms in the CYP27B1 hydroxylase gene for an association with Addison's disease, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Graves' disease and type 1 diabetes mellitus.
Patients with Addison's disease (n=124), Hashimoto's thyroiditis (n=139), Graves' disease (n=334), type 1 diabetes mellitus (n=252) and healthy controls (n=320) were genotyped for the promoter (-1260) C/A polymorphism and for the intron 6 (+2838) C/T polymorphism of the CYP27B1 gene. Patients and controls were compared using genotype-wise and allele-wise X(2) testing.
A significant association was found between allelic variation of the promoter (-1260) C/A polymorphism and Addison's disease, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Graves' disease and type 1 diabetes mellitus (P=0.0062, P=0.0173, P=0.0094 and P=0.0028 respectively). Significant differences were also observed for the intron 6 (+2838) C/T polymorphism (P=0.0058) in Hashimoto's thyroiditis but not for the other autoimmune endocrine diseases.
The CYP27B1 promoter (-1260) C/A polymorphism appears to be associated with endocrine autoimmune diseases but the CYP27B1 intron 6 (+2838) C/T polymorphism appears to be associated only with Hashimoto's thyroiditis. These results imply a regulatory difference of the CYP27B1 hydroxylase to predispose to endocrine autoimmunity.