Dehydroepiandrosterone Administration Counteracts Oxidative Imbalance and Advanced Glycation End Product Formation in Type 2 Diabetic patients, 2007
Long-term exposure to dehydroepiandrosterone affects the transcriptional activity of the glucocorticoid receptor, 2007
SAPONARO S; GUARNIERI V; PESCARMONA GP; SILVAGNO F
Abstract: Although the antiglucocorticoid effects of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) have been demonstrated in vivo in many systems, controversial results have been reported by in vitro studies. In order to elucidate the long-term antiglucocorticoid effects of DHEA in vitro in a context more physiological than what proposed by previous works, we set up a system consisting of a carcinoma cell line relying on endogenously produced glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and stably expressing a reporter gene ErbB-2 under the control of a GR-dependent MMTV promoter. These cells grown in presence of low levels of serum glucocorticoids (GC) showed a basal translocation and activity of endogenous GR. The cells reacted to high concentrations of dexamethasone increasing GR nuclear import, although down-regulating receptor expression, and enhancing GR-dependent transcriptional activity, as shown by EMSA assay and expression of the reporter gene ErbB-2. The response to GC was also functional since the increase of ErbB-2 boosted cellular growth. On the contrary, 72h of incubation with DHEA diminished basal GR-dependent reporter expression and abated cellular proliferation. Analysing molecular mechanisms responsible for this failed transcriptional activity, upon prolonged treatment with DHEA we observed a slow nuclear import of GR not followed by its recruitment to DNA. These data add novel information about the long-term effects of DHEA in vitro.
DHEA inhibits myeloid cells proliferation and stimulate differentiation