Women with previous gestational diabetes and insulin resistance at risk for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
EASD: The most common liver disease in Western countries is NAFLD
Effectiveness of antiplatelet drugs against experimental non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. 2008
No effective drugs have been developed to date to prevent or treat non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), although diet modification and exercise to improve obesity have been attempted. Therefore, development of a novel drug/strategy to treat NAFLD is urgently needed. In the present study, a novel concept is proposed for the treatment of NAFLD.
Fisher 344 male rats were given a choline-deficient, l-amino acid-defined (CDAA) diet or a high-fat high-calorie (HF/HC) diet with or without the antiplatelet agents, aspirin, ticlopidine or cilostazol for 16 weeks. Liver steatosis, inflammation and fibrosis, and the possible mechanisms involved were investigated.
All three antiplatelet drugs, namely aspirin, ticlopidine and cilostazol, significantly attenuated liver steatosis, inflammation and fibrosis in the CDAA diet group. Of the three agents, cilostazol was the most effective, and the drug also suppressed HF/HC diet-induced liver steatosis. Cilostazol appeared to exert its beneficial effect against NAFLD by suppressing mitogen-activated protein kinase activation induced by oxidative stress and platelet-derived growth factor via intercepting signal transduction from Akt to c-Raf.
Antiplatelet agents, especially cilostazol, offer the promise of becoming key agents for the treatment of NAFLD.
Platelet GPIbα is a mediator and potential interventional target for NASH and subsequent liver cancer. 2019
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease ranges from steatosis to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), potentially progressing to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here, we show that platelet number, platelet activation and platelet aggregation are increased in NASH but not in steatosis or insulin resistance. Antiplatelet therapy (APT; aspirin/clopidogrel, ticagrelor) but not nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) treatment with sulindac prevented NASH and subsequent HCC development. Intravital microscopy showed that liver colonization by platelets depended primarily on Kupffer cells at early and late stages of NASH, involving hyaluronan-CD44 binding. APT reduced intrahepatic platelet accumulation and the frequency of platelet-immune cell interaction, thereby limiting hepatic immune cell trafficking. Consequently, intrahepatic cytokine and chemokine release, macrovesicular steatosis and liver damage were attenuated. Platelet cargo, platelet adhesion and platelet activation but not platelet aggregation were identified as pivotal for NASH and subsequent hepatocarcinogenesis. In particular, platelet-derived GPIbα proved critical for development of NASH and subsequent HCC, independent of its reported cognate ligands vWF, P-selectin or Mac-1, offering a potential target against NASH.