Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE)
Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System

Author: Gianpiero Pescarmona
Date: 21/09/2012

Description

DEFINITION

Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme

THE GENE

DatabaseLink
WikigenesACEACE2
Your Favorite Gene Sigma"ACE":"ACE2":

CHEMICAL STRUCTURE AND IMAGES

When relevant for the function

  • Primary structure
  • Secondary structure
  • Tertiary structure
  • Quaternary structure


Protein Aminoacids Percentage
The Protein Aminoacids Percentage gives useful information on the local environment and the metabolic status of the cell (starvation, lack of essential AA, hypoxia)

Protein Aminoacids Percentage (Width 700 px)

SYNTHESIS AND TURNOVER

mRNA synthesis

Aldosterone induces angiotensin converting enzyme gene expression via a JAK2-dependent pathway in rat endothelial cells. 2005

  • Aldosterone is currently recognized as a risk hormone for cardiovascular disease. However, the cellular mechanism by which aldosterone acts on vasculature has not been well understood. In the present study, we investigated whether aldosterone affects angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene expression in rat endothelial cells. Cultured rat aortic endothelial cells (RAECs) from Sprague-Dawley rats were used in the study. ACE mRNA levels and its enzyme activities in RAECs were examined by real-time RT-PCR and enzyme assay using hippuryl-His-Leu as substrates, respectively. Aldosterone significantly increased steady-state ACE mRNA levels and its enzymatic activities. This effect was dose dependent and time dependent and abolished by mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist spironolactone or transcription inhibitor actinomycin D. Dexamethasone also increased steady-state ACE mRNA levels, whose effect was completely blocked by glucocorticoid receptor antagonist RU486, but not by spironolactone. By contrast, the aldosterone-induced ACE mRNA expression was only partially blocked by RU486. The stimulatory effect of aldosterone on ACE mRNA expression was completely blocked by a protein tyrosine kinase inhibitor (genistein) and JAK2 inhibitor (AG490), partially by Src kinase inhibitor (PP2) and epidermal growth factor receptor kinase inhibitor (AG1478), but not by platelet-derived growth factor receptor kinase inhibitor (AG1296). Transfection of dominant-negative JAK2 construct, but not wild-type construct, significantly blocked the aldosterone-induced ACE mRNA up-regulation. Furthermore, aldosterone induced phosphorylation of JAK2, whose effect was blocked by spironolactone and actinomycin D. In conclusion, the present study demonstrates for the first time that aldosterone induces ACE gene expression and its enzyme activity mainly via a mineralocorticoid receptor-mediated and JAK2-dependent pathway in rat endothelial cells. This may constitute a positive feedback loop for a local renin-angiotensin system, possibly involved in the development of aldosterone-induced endothelial dysfunction and vascular injury.

protein synthesis

post-translational modifications
degradation

CELLULAR FUNCTIONS

cellular localization,
biological function

  • Enzymes
DatabaseLink
BRENDA - The Comprehensive Enzyme Information System"URL":
KEGG Pathways"URL":
Human Metabolome Database"URL":
  • Cell signaling and Ligand transport
  • Structural proteins

REGULATION

ACE-inhibitors

ACE-inhibitors pathways

Side effects

DIAGNOSTIC USE

Attachments
fileuserdate
ACE_ACE2_ch1.gifgp21/09/2012
ACE_ACE2_ch2.gifgp21/09/2012
AddThis Social Bookmark Button