Localization of a negative vitamin D response sequence in the human growth hormone gene. 2002
Our results indicate that vitamin D inhibits hGH gene transcription, directly or by interference with other transcription factors.
Insulin-like growth factor I, growth hormone, and insulin sensitivity: the effects of a one-year cholecalciferol supplementation in middle-aged overweight and obese subjects. 2013
Both altered GH-IGF-I axis and low serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) are linked to measures of metabolic syndrome. Our hypothesis was that there is a relation between GH, IGF-I, and 25(OH)D; and that vitamin D supplementation may have an effect on the levels of GH, IGF-I, and IGF-I/IGFBP-3 ratio. 318 overweight and obese subjects completed a one-year randomized intervention with either 40,000 or 20,000 IU cholecalciferol per week or placebo. GH, IGF-I, IGFBP-3 and measures of insulin resistance were evaluated at baseline and at the end of study. There was a significant relation between entities of GH-IGF-I axis and insulin resistance. Subjects with severe obesity had significantly lower serum 25(OH)D and had a significant linear decline in IGF-I/IGFBP-3 ratio with increasing serum 25(OH)D quartiles. Vitamin D status was an independent predictor of GH-IGF-I axis and supplementation with vitamin D decreased IGF-I/IGFBP-3 ratio in subjects without severe obesity. No corresponding effect of vitamin D supplementation on BMI or insulin resistance was observed. Adverse effects of GH-IGF-I axis on glucose metabolism and the development of metabolic syndrome may be in part associated with the changes in vitamin D status.