La disponibilità di colesterolo nelle membrane e la caveolina (indotta da shear stress e ridotta daTNFalfa o Ciclosporina A) sono essenziali per indurre eNOS e la risposte allo shear stress. Vedi voci seguenti
The role of caveolae in shear stress-induced endothelial nitric-oxide synthase activation
Caveolae and VDR)
Plasma membrane requirements for 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 dependent PKC signaling in chondrocytes and osteoblasts.
PMID: 16325216Related Articles
Authors: Boyan BD, Wang L, Wong KL, Jo H, Schwartz Z
Journal: Steroids, 71 (4): 286-90, 2006
Boyan BD et al., Steroids, 71 (4): 286-90, 2006
1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3)] acts on chondrocytes and osteoblasts through traditional nuclear Vitamin D receptor (VDR) mechanisms as well as through rapid actions on plasma membranes that initiate intracellular signaling pathways.
1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3)] acts on chondrocytes and osteoblasts through traditional nuclear Vitamin D receptor (VDR) mechanisms as well as through rapid actions on plasma membranes that initiate intracellular signaling pathways. We have investigated the mechanisms involved in activation of protein kinase C (PKC) and downstream biological responses that depend on the latter pathway. These studies show that PKC activation depends on presence of a membrane receptor ERp60 and rapid increases in phospholipase A(2) (PLA) activity. Cells that are responsive to 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3) express PLA activating protein (PLAA), suggesting a link between ERp60 and PLA. Increased PLA results in increased arachidonic acid release and formation of lysophospholipid, which then activates phospholipase C beta (PLCbeta), leading to rapid formation of inositol-trisphosphate (IP3) and diacylglycerol (DAG). PLA, PLC, and DAG are all associated with lipid rafts including caveolae in many cells, suggesting that the caveolar environment may be an important mediator of PKC activation by 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3). Here, we use the VDR mouse costochondral cartilage growth plate to examine the expression of ERp60 and PLAA in vivo in 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3)-responsive hypertrophic chondrocytes (growth zone cells) and in resting zone cells that do not respond to this Vitamin D metabolite in vitro. In addition, we determined if intact lipid rafts are required for the response of rat costochondral cartilage growth zone cells to 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3). The results show that ERp60 and PLAA are localized to 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3)-responsive growth zone cells and metaphyseal osteoblasts, even in VDR mice. Disruption of lipid rafts using beta-cyclodextrin blocks the activation of PKC by 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3) and reduces the ability of 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3) to regulate [(35)S]-sulfate incorporation.
VDR e cGMP
Calreticulin inhibits vitamin D3 signal transduction.
PMID: 7667104Related Articles
Authors: Wheeler DG, Horsford J, Michalak M, White JH, Hendy GN
Journal: Nucleic Acids Res, 23 (16): 3268-74, 1995
Wheeler DG et al., Nucleic Acids Res, 23 (16): 3268-74, 1995
The vitamin D receptor (VDR) DNA binding domain contains the related motif KgFFrR.
Calreticulin is a calcium binding protein present primarily in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum. However, it can also localize to the cytoplasm adjacent to the cell membrane where it binds integrins, and to the nucleus. Recent studies showed that calreticulin inhibits DNA binding and transcriptional activity of glucocorticoid, androgen and retinoic acid receptors. The DNA binding domains of nuclear receptors share a common motif based upon the amino acid sequence KVFFKR which has been implicated in the binding of calreticulin. The vitamin D receptor (VDR) DNA binding domain contains the related motif KgFFrR. Here we show that calreticulin blocks specific DNA binding by the isolated VDR DNA binding domain in DNA mobility shift assays. Importantly, calreticulin blocks specific DNA binding by the full length VDR-RXR heterodimers. By contrast, calreticulin had no effect on specific DNA binding by the transcription factor ATF-a delta which lacks a KVFFKR-like motif in its DNA binding domain. We further showed that overexpression of calreticulin in the rat osteoblast-like cell line (ROS 17/2.8) inhibited the 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] responsive transcriptional activation of a vitamin D-sensitive reporter gene, whereas the response to forskolin stimulation of a control promoter-reporter construct containing a cAMP response element (CRE), but no vitamin D response element (VDRE), was not affected by overexpression of calreticulin. Thus, calreticulin inhibits transcriptional activation by the VDR in vivo. Given the ubiquitous expression of calreticulin and the widespread expression of the VDR the studies described here may point to an important new mechanism whereby VDR mediated gene transcription can be modulated.
Role of nongenomic activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt and mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 pathways in 1,25D3-mediated apoptosis in squamous cell carcinoma cells. 2006
Vitamin D regulates the phenotype of human breast cancer cells. 2007
Estrogen facilitates both phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt and ERK1/2 mitogen-activated protein kinase membrane signaling required for long-term neuropeptide Y transcriptional regulation in clonal, immortalized neurons. 2008
Electrical responses to 1alpha,25(OH)2-Vitamin D3 and their physiological significance in osteoblasts. 2004