Interleukin-18 also known as IL18 is a protein which in humans is encoded by the IL18 gene.The protein encoded by this gene is a proinflammatory cytokine and belongs to the Interleukin 1 family.
CHEMICAL STRUCTURE AND IMAGES
When relevant for the function
- Primary structure
- Secondary structure
- Tertiary structure
- Quaternary structure
h4. Protein Aminoacids Percentage (IL-18 and IL-18 Binding Protein)
IL-6 and IL-18
SYNTHESIS AND TURNOVER
IL-18 is a cytokine produced by macrophages and other cells that belongs to the IL-1 superfamily. IL-18 works by binding to the interleukin-18 receptor, and together with IL-12 it induces cell-mediated immunity following infection with microbial products like lipopolysaccharide (LPS). After stimulation with IL-18, natural killer (NK) cells and certain T cells release another important cytokine called interferon-γ (IFN-γ) or type II interferon that plays an important role in activating the macrophages or other cells.
The combination of this cytokine and IL12 has been shown to inhibit IL4 dependent IgE and IgG1 production, and enhance IgG2a production in B cells. IL-18 binding protein (IL18BP) can specifically interact with this cytokine, and thus negatively regulate its biological activity.
- Cell signaling and Ligand transport
- Structural proteins