Collagen is a group of naturally occurring proteins. In nature, it is found exclusively in animals. It is the main protein of connective tissue and skin. It is the most abundant protein in mammals,making up about 25% to 35% of the whole-body protein content.
There are at least 30 different collagen genes dispersed through the human genome. These 30 genes generate proteins that combine in a variety of ways to create over 20 different types of collagen fibrils. Types I, II and III are the most abundant and form fibrils of similar structure. Type IV collagen forms a two-dimensional reticulum and is a major component of the basal lamina. Collagens are predominantly synthesized by fibroblasts but epithelial cells also synthesize these proteins.
Lecture on Collagen Structure 2009
CHEMICAL STRUCTURE AND IMAGES
When relevant for the function
- Primary structure
- Secondary structure
- Tertiary structure
- Quaternary structure
Protein Aminoacids Percentage
The Protein Aminoacids Percentage gives useful information on the local environment and the metabolic status of the cell (starvation, lack of essential AA, hypoxia)
Model (Width 600 px)
SYNTHESIS AND TURNOVER
- Cell signaling and Ligand transport
- Structural proteins
a unique chemical bond that holds together type IV collagen dimer molecules. The sulfilimine (N=S) bond has never been observed in biological molecules before 09 2009